Corruption is one of the worst enemies a country can have. It has been a big issue that China has been facing for a long time before Xi Jinping became the President of the People’s Republic of China in 2012. His anti-corruption campaign has led to the arrest of more than 100,000 corrupt officials including prominent Communist Party officials and members of Politburo Standing Committee.
The punishment once caught in the act of corruption include imprisonment, large fines, seizure of properties and death. President Xi Jinping discusses how his government addresses the problems of corruption in his book, The Governance of China. In this composition of the President, he explains how the Communist Party visions a corrupt-free government for the people and how his tenacious decisions are made to build up discipline in his country.
It was only last March 2018 when Zhang Zhongsheng was sentenced to death for corruption. The 65-year old retired deputy mayor of Lualong was accused of accepting bribes amounting to 150 million US dollars.
China is only one of a few countries in history who have successfully combatted corruption. This may be because of the risk that is imposed when against corruption including threats of violent backlash.
Singapore is also a notable country that can be linked to successfully fighting corruption, It is one of Asia’s economically successful countries and has the least corruption in the continent.
China’s former leaders since 1978 has done efforts to combat corruption, but it has already reached alarming levels by the time President Xi Jinping sits in office in 2012. Members of the Communist Party who were in the top tier were operating mafia-like drug rings. These members of the CP gained a lot of power and wealth during their reign in corruption. They also took bribes for political support.
Acting as if they’re above the law, President Xi Jinping focuses his hardened leadership skills on them. They were told to show self-discipline and be good examples to lower ranking officials below them. The President strongly believed that it is not just and right to abuse one’s power to gain advantage and priveleges. The President reminded them that they are not above the law while he is the President and there will be no soft punishments.
He includes Marxists in his book who were his predecessors: Mao Zedong and Deng Jaoping. These Marxists and military strategists talked about corruption, its roots and how to address it while they were living. He also mentioned senior CP figures Hu Jintao and Jiang Zemin in his book. Xi Jinping says that the philosophies of these people are what guides him in ending corruption.
The President’s goal is to make China a prosperous country by 2020. This is the vision of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party and one way to achieve this is to achieve a corruption-free government, or a corruption-less government. Corruption is seen to be the biggest threat to China’s prosperous development. It is the number one problem that prevents it from becoming what the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party envisioned last 2012.