As stated by the new national corruption report, bribery is a practice that has now been called a “part of daily life”. According to them, during the past year in India, a bribe has been paid by at least one person in every two people.
The study that is carried out by independent supporters of Transparency International India (TII) which is an anti-corruption community and LocalCircles, a social media platform, shows that bribery has actually fallen by 10 percent over the last year. However, it is still not under control, with 51 percent admitting to paying bribes.
In a press release from TII, they stated that corruption is still a part of the day-to-day life of the Indian government, and it is particularly prevalent in local services for citizens which are permeated with graft and corruption.
Tuesday’s survey obtained 190,000 feedbacks that include the 20 of 28 states that are located in India. About 24% of people admitted to having paid bribes multiple times over the past year, while the majority of the 27% reported to doing it a max of two times.
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The largest fields of corruption are reported to be the property registration, and land problems with more than a third of those surveyed confessed to paying bribes to local departments. Next was the police force, with 19 percent of people saying that they spent the majority of their bribes to them last year.
When it comes to efforts, the Indian Government tried to combat corruption and bribery to amend last year’s bill against corruption by creating supervisory institutions. According to the revised law, a bribery case is punishable with a fine. However, punishment such as prison term of up to seven years can also be included.
However, the report says the changes have not slipped to the local level yet. Only 6 percent have said that their local or state governments have taken action to reduce corruption. On the other hand, many said that nothing at all has changed.
Sometimes, when the government acts, the measures bring a negative impact. Prime Minister Narendra Modi abruptly banned the use of high-value cash as a way to fight fraud and reduce cases of tax-evading in 2016, carrying India into crisis. As a result, two of the country’s central banknotes became irrelevant.
In the end, according to TII’s report, the Prime Minister’s plan failed because the illegal money was finally legitimized through corrupt practices. These actions had an adversarial effect on the economy of India.
The report also stated that watchdogs failed to perform their respective responsibilities, and they also have a public reputation for being inefficient and controlling towards the commission. Thus, their actions called for the government’s political will, which indicated that because of partisan politics, it had hindered efforts against corruption.
As mentioned by Transparency International, India scored 41 when it comes to corruption in the state sector, 0 being highly corrupted and 100 as clean. According to Transparency International’s website, If the score is under 50, it is considered a severe graft and corruption problem.